Dental implant is nothing but a small anchor inserted in your jawbone in place of the missing tooth root. Dental implants are usually made up of Zirconium or Titanium. Titanium implants are used in all clinical situations but, the zirconium implants are site specific and cannot be used in all situations.
A dental implant is a permanent solution for replacement of lose tooth. After insertion of the implants in the jawbone the natural looking crowns or dentures are attached to the implants as a perfect tooth replacement.
The metals used to prepare dental implants vary from case to case. These metals have the ability to fuse through the jawbone by a process called osseointegration. Osseointegration is a process of bone fusion with in the jawbone. It is important to engineer the implants in such a way so that it will be able create a strong bond between the jawbone and the external artificial implant.
Dental implant surgery is done in a stepwise manner. The procedure is categorized into three steps:
Dental implant insertion is a minor surgical procedure but requires preparation before the surgery. Before taking the decision of surgery a radiographic image is taken in the form of x-ray to have a clear picture of your tooth. In few cases CT scanning is also done and you will be asked to follow the presurgical guide to avoid complications. With the help of radiographic imaging you will have a clear idea about the quality and quantity of bone in which the implant will be inserted.
A local anaesthesia is given to you to numb the area where the implant is going to be inserted and its surrounding tissues. Site preparation is essentially important during the surgery. During the site preparation a small hole is created in the bone through a procedure called osteotomy. Osteotomy is nothing but to cut or separate the bone in a way to perfectly insert the implant.
Small incisions are made like flaps that will help in visualizing the bone’s shape and location. Drilling is done to progressively increase the size of the site until it mirrors the shape of the implant that is going to be inserted.
After drilling and making the space for implant insertion, the implants are directly inserted on the site to begin the healing process. X-ray is taken for correct positioning of the implant in the bone. After insertion the flap tissues are closed to properly fix the implants in the bone.
The healing of dental implant surgery does not take much time as it is a minimal invasive surgery. The percentage of success rate in surgeries is around 95-97%. Antibiotics are also prescribed in few cases for quick healing.
Chennai has the best experienced dentists who can perform dental implant surgery and give a permanent solution to the lost teeth. There are many dental clinics in Chennai with efficient skilled doctors who can efficiently perform such surgeries. The dental hospitals in Chennai perform such surgeries at competitive rate and in a short span of time.