Root Canal Treatment
An infected tooth can be more painful and it can spread the infection to other tooth and make it more uncomfortable for you to eat and drink. Root canal is a treatment done to cure the infected tooth. The term root canal is used as it helps in cleaning the canals inside your tooth’s root.
During this procedure the damaged part of the tooth is removed. After removing the damaged part of the teeth the area is cleaned with the disinfectant and filed and sealed. There are many different causes that can damage and infect your teeth. Your tooth generally gets damaged due to the presence of a deep cavity, repeated dental treatments or trauma.
When you experience severe pain and problem in chewing you need to consult endodontist who can diagnose the root cause of the disease. Your endodontist will suggest for a root canal to save your teeth from the infection. If the infected tooth is left untreated, it will spread the infection and cause severe damage in the oral cavity.
To understand the root canal treatment, you need to first understand the structure of tooth. The outer covering is the white enamel, under the white enamel is the hard layer called dentin. Under the dentin a soft tissue called pulp is present. The pulp comprises of nerves, blood vessels and connective tissues that helps the tooth to grow during development. The tooth can also survive without the pulp because the tooth gets nourished by the surrounding tissues.
Root canal treatment also called as the endodontic treatment is a step wise procedure used to treat your infected tooth.
In the first step local anaesthesia is injected to numb the tooth to be treated and its surrounding tissues. If the inflammation is more then it will take some time for the teeth to be numb. The dentist will start the treatment only after the tooth is completely numb.
A thin sheet of vinyl or rubber is placed over the affected and adjacent teeth. The affected tooth will be visible through a hole as it protrudes out from it. Placing a dental dam or vinyl sheet helps in carrying out the treatment in a sterile environment. The saliva present in your mouth carries certain bacteria that can cause contamination thus to avoid the contamination the dental dam is used.
A small hole is made by drilling through the biting surface to have an easy access to the pulp chamber and root canals for treatment.
The dead pulp is removed from the tooth and the pulp chamber is cleaned along with root canal. Once the pulp and nerves associated with are removed you will not feel any pain.
After removing the pulp, disinfectants are used to clean the area. Generally antibacterial and antiseptic solutions are used to disinfect the area.
The canals are then shaped to insert the fillings and sealers in it. After shaping the canals are washed and cleaned again to remove the debris before sealing.
Root canals fillings are selected carefully to fit into the freshly prepared canals. After filling the root canals with the canals are sealed. Sealing the affected area is important as it can lead to re-infection.
A temporary or permanent filling is placed to seal the hole that is made in the initial stages. After sealing the hole the dental dam is removed. In cases when your tooth lacks proper structure, a metal or plastic material is inserted to help your tooth retain the structure.
After completely filling the root canal, your tooth will need a proper filling or a crown to replace the lost tooth structure and thus it provides a complete seal on the top of your tooth. This permanent restoration is a crucial and important step in root canal treatment as it is the final step to cure your infected tooth.
The root canal treatment is available in India in many hospitals. The dental treatment cost varies depending on the severity of the infection. When you experience any pain and discomfort in your teeth, it is recommended to consult the dentist to avoid complications.